The skin is the largest organ of the human body, coating our entire body and protecting against external aggressions - it is a great protective cover against fungi, bacteria, chemicals, physical and even environmental factors, such as the sun. This protective barrier comes from the cells of the epidermis and dermis, secretion of sebum and sweat, forming a special layer - like a protective mantle.
The skin is formed by three layers: epidermis, dermis and hypodermis, each with different characteristics and functions .
- Epidermis - is the outermost layer of skin, the one you can see. The main function of the epidermis is to form a protective barrier of the body, hindering the outflow of water from the organism and the entry of substances and microbes into the body.
- Dermis- is the middle layer of the skin, made up of collagen and elastin fibers, by a large number of blood vessels and nerve endings. These endings receive the stimuli from the environment and transmit them to the brain through the nerves. These stimuli are translated into sensations such as pain, cold, heat, pressure, vibration, tickling, and pleasure.
- Hypodermis - is the last and deepest layer of skin, basically made up of fat cells. Thus, its thickness is quite variable, depending on whether the person is fat or lean. It supports and unites the epidermis and dermis to the rest of your body. In addition, the hypoderm maintains the temperature of your body and accumulates energy for the performance of biological functions.
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